The northern soil and climate favored smaller farmsteads rather than large plantations industry flourished, fueled by more abundant natural resources than in the south, and many large cities were established (new york was the largest city with more than 800,000 inhabitants. Compares northern wage slavery with southern plantation slavery in the united states during the 1850s a horde of brigands the geat louisiana slave revolt of 1811 reconsidered paquette, robert l // historical reflectionsspring2009, vol 35 issue 1, p72 most historians, even specialists in the. Transcript of factory workers vs slaves finally the north factory workers and the slaves in the south were very different they all relied on each other to keep one anothers others lives going with the demand of the cotton and the clothes and other factory produced items. Slave life on a southern plantation in the 1800s people advertised in the newspaper when they wanted to sell something here's what one advertisement from the 1820s might have looked.
The elements which characterized southern slavery in the 19th century, and which new england abolitionists claimed to view with abhorrence, all were present from an early date in the north. However, the claim that northern laborers in 1860 had no more rights, opportunities, and no better living conditions than southern slaves is very clearly a lie i am pleasantly unconcerned with whether you believe your own proposition or not. Southern vs northern states before the civil war prior to the civil war there were several significant differences between northern and southern states in terms of demographics, occupational opportunities, income-potential, economic classes, production choices, development, and sociopolitical philosophies.
Indentured servants first arrived in america in the decade following the settlement of jamestown by the virginia company in 1607 the idea of indentured servitude was born of a need for cheap labor. See ―how slavery affected african american families‖ by heather williams in freedom's story from the national humanities center to what extent did northern factories depend on southern plantations for their. Southern who defended slavery by arguing that northern wage slavery was more exploitative than african- american slavery he also argued that whites were protecting slaves from a competitive world in which slaves were ill-equipped to survive.
In 1850, a southern slave owner might have said something like this: our slaves are like children who need to be cared for and disciplined they are content and are actually better off than free white laborers working in northern factories. Where slave labor coexists with wage labor and capital is mobile (as in the nineteenth-century united states), our model predicts the price of slaves will equal the present value of the additional surplus value produced by slaves over and above wage laborers. Northern factory workers the great prosperity enjoyed by the united states in the first half of the 19th century can be attributed to farmers engaged in agriculture and factory workers employed in manufacturing.
A shoemaker in massachusetts once said, we are worse treated than the slaves of the south the free-laborers were not forced to america in ships, stripped of their culture, their language, and their freedom. Slavery was common throughout the thirteen colonies during the 1700s most slaves were people of african descent after the american revolution, slavery was abolished in the northern states, but continued in the southern states until after the american civil war the roots of slavery in america. Although the largest percentages of slaves were found in the south, slavery did exist in the middle and northern colonies the overall percentage of slaves in new england was only 2-3%, but in cities such as boston and newport, 20-25% percent of the population consisted of enslaved laborers. It was the association between labor and slavery in the minds of southern aristocrats that demeaned the efforts of industrious northern laborers thus, slavery pulled white workers down in two ways: one, by direct competition with slave labor in the south, and two, by associating all the industrious efforts of workers with those of the degraded. The south often argued that the new northern working class were exploited and downtrodden wage slaves who were actually worse off than southern plantation slaves the north had a variety of free labor arguments summarized as.
And although northern states washed their hands of slavery, their factories fueled the demand for slave-grown southern cotton and their banks provided the financing that ensured the profitability and continued existence of the american slave system. A southern farm is the beau ideal of communism it is a joint concern, in which the slave consumes more than the master, of the coarse products, and is far happier, because although the concern may fail, he is always sure of a support he is only transferred to another master to participate in the profits of another concern. In some southern states, slaves outnumbered whites almost all native born, 75% worked on plantations and medium-sized farms another 10% were laborers at hard physical labor considered òbelowó whites.
Both southern farms using free labor and southern farms using slave labor were more efficient than northern farms compared with each other, however, southern slave farms were 28 percent more efficient than southern free farms compared with northern farms, southern free farms were 9 percent more. What southern planters wanted was more slaves cotton production had been growing, from 160 million pounds in 1820 to around one billion in 1850, and to 23 billion pounds in 1860 - a growth of 230 percent in the 1850s. At that point, the true humanity of the southern slave system would be clear to all, since, according to fitzhugh, slavery essentially extended the sphere of paternal care and protection while slaves without masters, those industrial workers trapped in northern wage slavery, were abandoned to inhuman conditions. The northern colonies did not rely heavily upon african slaves also, the northern colonies consisted mostly of puritans while the southern colonies consisted of protestants.
Laws approved in the southern colonies made it illegal for slaves to marry, own property, or earn their freedom these laws also barred slaves from receiving an education, or even learning to read. From 1800 to 1860 the relationship between the northern, and southern states grew worse and the threat for the formation of 2 cooperate unions was drawing nearer this change on the relationship can be attributed to industrial development to a fairly large extent, however it should be noted that. Between northern and southern maryland when a guide to the history of slavery in maryland ii the plantation revolution need for laborers at the same time.